A RELATIVE STUDY OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI DURING WINTER AND MONSOON IN Bauhinia vahlii FROM CHILKIGARH.
Endophytes are the normal microflora of the plant tissues. They are most important components of plant microbiomes. Endophytes may be various types, but most frequently isolated endophytes are fungi. Endophytes are more in the plants of tropical regions. Lianas are the special group of plants which are woody climbers in the forest and climb up tall tree. Fungal endophytes from Bauhinia vahlii were studied collecting from Chilkigarh of Jhargram district of West Bengal during winter season and monsoon. A total of 108 plant tissue segments were resided by endophytic fungi among 150 tissue segments and endophytic fungi of the number of 119 were isolated from 108 various tissue specimens such as leaf, petiole and stem. The fungal isolates belong to the genera as many as 17, along with few unidentified fungi and few sterile mycelia. Aspergillus sp., Beltrania spp., Fusarium spp., Lasiodiplodia spp., Pestalotiopsis spp., Cylindrocladium sp., Chaetomium sp. etc., under the class Sordariomycetes and Deuteromycetes, were found most commonly out of all isolated fungal endophytes. There is a diverse groups of endophytes in lianas plants found from my study. Majority has been identified with some unknown genera and some mycelia sterilia. We may draw conclusion that there is organ and tissue specificity by endophytes. The plant of Bauhinia vahlii shows huge assemblage of endophytes in both seasons but more isolated in winter season. Colonization frequency is more in winter than in monsoon.