Florisitic structure and biomass distribution of a tropical seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna southwest China
Shanmughavel P; Sha Z; Liqing S; Min C
Biomass and Bioenergy
The aim of this research was to study the forest community structure tree species diversity and biomass production of a tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna southwest China. The community structure showed a diversified species composition and supported many species of economic significance. This tropical rain forest is closely related to Malaysian forests. The biomass and its distribution were studied using standard regression analysis and the clear-cut method for shrubs and herbs. The total biomass was 360.9 t/ha and its allocation in different layers was: tree layer 352.5 t/ha shrub layer 4.7 t/ha liana 3.1 t/ha and herb layer 0.5 t/ha. Most of the biomass was concentrated in the trees: stem 241.2 t/ha root 69.6 t/ha branch 37.2 t/ha and leaves 4.3 t/ha; The DBH class allocation of the tree biomass was concentrated in the middle DBH class. The biomass of six DBH classes from 20 to 80 cm was 255.4 t/ha. There are twenty-six species with biomass over 0.5% of the total biomass of the tree layer and three species with biomass over 5% i.e. Pometia tomentosa Barringtonia macrostachya (5.4%) and Terminalia myriocarpa (5.2%). Data on stem branch leaves and root of the individual tree species were used to develop regression models. D2H was found to be the best estimator of the biomass in this tropical rain forest. However higher biomass figures have been reported from tropical forests elsewhere e.g. 415‚Äì520 t/ha in the tropical forests of Cambodia the tropical moist mixed dipterocarp forests and the tropical moist logged moist evergreen-high medium and low yield forests of SriLanka. In some forests lower accumulation of biomass was reported e.g. 10‚Äì295 t/ha in the tropical moist forests of Bangladesh the tropical moist dense forest of Cambodia the tropical dry forests of India the tropical moist forests of Penninsular-Malaysia the tropical moist mixed dipterocarps forests of Sarawak-Malaysia the tropical evergreen forests of Myanmar and the tropical moist ever-green logged forests of SriLanka.