Impact of logging on tree liana and herb assemblages in a Bornean forest
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
In the present study the impact of logging was assessed on the forest structure richness and composition of trees lianas and ground herbs in Indonesian Borneo. There were no significant differences in tree height diameter basal area or abundance between unlogged and logged forest. Liana abundance was higher in logged than unlogged forest but the difference was marginally nonsignificant. There was also no significant difference in the percentage cover of ground herbs. Tree species richness was similar between unlogged and logged forest while liana species richness was higher in logged forest and herb species richness between unlogged forest. Tree and liana compositions differed significantly between unlogged and logged forest but logging explained only a small part (<7%) of the variance in composition. In contrast to trees and lianas ground herb composition did not differ significantly between unlogged and logged forest. Our findings indicate that the modest extraction intensity practiced did not have a severely adverse impact on forest structure or plant composition. This highlights the important role that logged forests may play in conserving biodiversity and the need to protect these forests from further disturbance.