Litter-mediated allelopathic effects of kudzu (Pueraria montana) on Bidens pilosa and Lolium perenne and its persistence in soil
Rashid MH; Asaeda T; Uddin MN
Weed Biology and Management
This study investigated the allelopathic effects of kudzu litter on the seed germination and early growth of Bidens pilosa and Lolium perenne. The bioassays with various concentrations (10 20 30 40 and 50 g L-1) of aqueous kudzu litter leachate significantly affected the germination percentages and radicle growth of both species. These parameters decreased progressively when the seedlings were exposed to increasing concentrations of leachate. The root and shoot length dry weight and chlorophyll concentration of the B. pilosa and L. perenne seedlings also were significantly affected when they were grown in leachate-amended soil. However the chlorophyll fluorescence values of the seedlings subjected to different concentrations of aqueous kudzu litter leachate indicated that the mere presence of leachate in the soil was not stressful for the plants. The seedlings of both species were under stressful conditions only when they were grown in the soil that was treated with higher concentrations of leachate (30 40 or 50 g L-1). A 6 week decomposition study of the kudzu litter in soil was conducted to observe the retention of phenolic content in the soil. The results showed that although the concentration of dissolved organic carbon decreased with increasing decomposition the phenolic concentration was not significantly affected when the observation period ended. This suggests that the phytotoxic properties of kudzu litter remain stable in soil systems for a considerable amount of time after incorporation into the soil.