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Diametric Growth of a Forest under Reduced-Impact Logging in the Eastern Region of the Brazilian Amazon

Article

Flores, WM; Fran�a, I; dos Santos, GGA; Miranda, ID; Moraes, EFS; S�nchez, GH; Da Silva, SDB; Hern�ndez-Ruz, EJ

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2023

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12

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Growth is a component of forest dynamics that encompasses changes in species composition, interactions between species, and stand structure. We evaluated the effect of the presence of lianas, crown shape, and light exposure on the periodic annual increment of trees (PAI) in two phytophysiognomies: the ombrophilous dense forest and the ombrophilous open forest with lianas. This study was conducted in the eastern Brazilian Amazon in 13 permanent monitoring plots of 50 m x 50 m (2500 m(2)) in the same annual production unit. The area has been subjected to reduced-impact logging from 2014 to 2016. The increment in tree diameter varied significantly between both forests (opens forests: 1.28 cm yr(-1); dense forests: 0.82 cm yr(-1)). Light exposure influenced the increment in tree diameter in the ombrophilous open forest with lianas, while the crown shape and light exposure significantly affected the ombrophilous dense forest. Our study emphasizes the usefulness of the periodic annual increment in exploring the differences between contrasting phytophysiognomies in a single annual production unit in the Brazilian Amazon that is subject to reduced-impact logging.

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